Jim's blog | .Net and SQL Server blog

Recording Deletes When Using Entity Framework

by jbrooks 22. September 2014 06:30

I have all the changes archived to archive table using triggers, but this doesn’t record anything when a row is deleted. I created a dedicated table to record the deletes.

SET ANSI_NULLS ON GO SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON GO SET ANSI_PADDING ON GO CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Deletes]( [id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, [tableName] varchar(255) NOT NULL, [deletedId] [int] NOT NULL, [editBy] [varchar](50) NOT NULL, [edited] [datetime] NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT [PK_Deletes] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [id] ASC ) WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY] ) ON [PRIMARY] GO SET ANSI_PADDING OFF GO ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Deletes] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_Deletes_editBy] DEFAULT (user_name()) FOR [editBy] GO ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Deletes] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_Deletes_edited] DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [edited] GO

I then added this to my data model and add a record to it right after I do a remove.

db.Areas.Remove(area); db.Deletes.Add(new Delete() { deletedId = id, tableName = "Areas", editBy = this.User.Identity.Name, edited = DateTime.Now });

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Generating Archive Tables and Triggers

by jbrooks 18. September 2014 09:19

I create archive tables to log all of the changes made to a table. The archive tables look like the base table with a few columns added. Then the base tables need a triggers to insert the old row right before a change. I used the stored proc below to generate the archive tables and triggers. You need a schema called “archives” for this to work.

create proc CreateArchive(@tablename nvarchar(200), @schema nvarchar(200) = 'dbo') as begin declare @sql nvarchar(4000) set @sql = ' create table archives.'+@tablename+'Arc ([archiveId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, [archiveAction] [char](1) NOT NULL, [archiveBy] [varchar](128) NULL, [archived] [datetime] NULL, ' select @sql = @sql + '['+c.COLUMN_NAME+'] ' + + c.DATA_TYPE + CASE WHEN c.CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH > 0 THEN '('+ltrim(cast(c.CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH as varchar(4)))+')' WHEN c.CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH = -1 THEN '(MAX)' ELSE '' END + ' NULL, ' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS c where TABLE_NAME = @tablename and TABLE_SCHEMA = @schema order by c.ORDINAL_POSITION set @sql = @sql + 'CONSTRAINT [PK_'+ @tablename + 'Arc] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [archiveId] ASC ) WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY] ) ON [PRIMARY]; ALTER TABLE [archives].[' + @tablename + 'Arc] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_' + @tablename + 'Arc_archiveBy] DEFAULT (user_name()) FOR [archiveBy]; ALTER TABLE [archives].[' + @tablename + 'Arc] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_' + @tablename + 'Arc_archived] DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [archived]; grant all on [archives].[' + @tablename + 'Arc] to public;' print @sql exec sp_executesql @sql set @sql = ' Create trigger [' + @schema + '].[t' + @tablename + 'Arc] on [' + @schema + '].[' + @tablename + '] for update, delete as begin set nocount on declare @Action char(1) if exists (select 1 from inserted) set @Action = ''U'' else set @Action = ''D'' insert into archives.[' + @tablename + 'Arc] (archiveAction' select @sql = @sql + ', ['+c.COLUMN_NAME+']' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS c where TABLE_NAME = @tablename order by c.ORDINAL_POSITION set @sql = @sql + ') select @Action' select @sql = @sql + ', ['+c.COLUMN_NAME+']' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS c where TABLE_NAME = @tablename order by c.ORDINAL_POSITION set @sql = @sql + ' from deleted end;' print @sql exec sp_executesql @sql end go

 

Here are some of the scripts I used to help with this:

-- create the archives schema create schema archives -- Generate the commands that call the stored proc for each table: select 'exec CreateArchive '+TABLE_NAME + ';' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES where TABLE_SCHEMA = 'dbo' order by TABLE_NAME -- drop the tables if I got an error: select 'drop table archives.'+TABLE_NAME + ';' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES where TABLE_SCHEMA = 'archives' order by TABLE_NAME -- drop the triggers if I got an error: select 'drop trigger '+name + ';' from sys.triggers where create_date > getdate() - 1 order by name -- see what object were last changed in the database select * from sys.objects order by modify_date desc

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Generating Indexes for Foreign Keys

by jbrooks 18. September 2014 09:03

Surprisingly SQL Server doesn’t automatically create indexes just because you have a foreign key. So at the end of a development project I just used the script below to generate the SQL needed.

select 'create index indx_'+t.name +'_' + c.name + ' on ' + t.name +'(' + c.name + ');' from sys.foreign_key_columns as fk inner join sys.tables as t on fk.parent_object_id = t.object_id inner join sys.columns as c on fk.parent_object_id = c.object_id and fk.parent_column_id = c.column_id where not exists (select 1 from sys.index_columns ic where ic.object_id = t.object_id and ic.column_id = c.column_id) order by 1

This returns the commands that I can then run to create the indexes.

create index indx_ActivityLog_activityTypeId on ActivityLog(activityTypeId);
create index indx_ActivityLog_userId on ActivityLog(userId);
create index indx_Areas_managerId on Areas(managerId);
create index indx_Categories_areaId on Categories(areaId);
create index indx_CriteriaItems_criteriaColorId on CriteriaItems(criteriaColorId);

Tags:

SQL | Development

Silverlight Page Titles

by jbrooks 9. September 2013 17:21

In the past I would use part of the page for the page title while the MainPage had a lot of empty space in the center.  I wanted to move the title from the page to the MainPage as shown below.

image

 

To do this I first made a property on MainPage like this:

public partial class MainPage : UserControl
{
    public string Title
    {
        get { return tbTitle.Text; }
        set { tbTitle.Text = value; }
    }

Then I added this property to the App class:

public partial class App : Application
{
    public static string Title
    {
        set
        {
            MainPage mp = App.GetMainPage();
            mp.Title = value;
        }
    }

A supporting method in this same App class is GetMainPage() where it gets the MainPage. I use this for other things too.

public static MainPage GetMainPage()
{
    if (Application.Current.RootVisual.GetType().Name == "BusyIndicator")
        return (MainPage)((ChangeAlerts.Controls.BusyIndicator)
            Application.Current.RootVisual).Content;
    else
        return (MainPage)Application.Current.RootVisual;
}

Then on each individual page I have something like this:

protected override void OnNavigatedTo(NavigationEventArgs e)
{
    App.Title = "Manage Accounts";
}

Tags:

Silverlight | Development

Binding a Silverlight DataGrid’s ComboBox To a Model

by JBrooks 31. July 2013 11:49

I have a DataGrid that is bound to my Employee entity and I needed to be able to select his building from a list of buildings in that same model. There is a path to the Employee’s Building through buildingId, but no path to the full list of buildings so it could the source for the ComboBox.

The simple solution was to have the Buildings in a ViewModel and then reference that as a resource in my XAML.  The ViewModel retrieves the data in it’s constructor and it has a property EntitySet<Building> Buildings;

    <UserControl.Resources>
        <vm:BuildingsModel x:Key="buildingsModel"  />
    </UserControl.Resources>

Then on the CheckBox inside the <DataTemplate> I have its ItemSource use the resource.

<ComboBox Name="cb" ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource buildingsModel}, Path=Buildings}" 
    SelectedValuePath="id" 
    SelectedValue="{Binding Path=buildingId, Mode=TwoWay}">
    <ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
        <DataTemplate>
            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding name, Mode=OneWay}" MinWidth="140" />
                <TextBlock Text="  " />
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding address, Mode=OneWay}" />
                <TextBlock Text=", " />

                <TextBlock Text="{Binding city, Mode=OneWay}" />
                <TextBlock Text=", " />
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding state, Mode=OneWay}" />
            </StackPanel>
        </DataTemplate>
    </ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
</ComboBox>
 
 
 

Tags:

Development | Silverlight | XAML

Silverlight and Window Authentication

by JBrooks 4. June 2013 08:38

I deployed my Silverlight application with Windows Authentication.  I then set IIS to only use Windows Authentication. When I navigated to the web site I would get the error:

“Load operation failed for query ‘GetUser’. The remote server returned an error: NotFound.”

getusererror

The fix that worked for me was to edit the file MyProject.Web/Services/AuthenticationService.cs.  I just changed this one method.

public class AuthenticationService : AuthenticationBase<User> {

    protected override User GetAuthenticatedUser(System.Security.Principal.IPrincipal principal)
    {
        User newUser = new User();
        newUser.Name = principal.Identity.Name;

        return newUser;
    }
}

This makes sense if you think about it, but the base class AuthenticationBase should have detected the authentication used and changed based on that.

Tags:

Development | Silverlight

Show Child Count in a DataGrid

by jbrooks 11. March 2013 17:49

I have an application with the following as part of the data model:

image

So an Account can have many Users and a user can belong to many Accounts. I wanted to show the Accounts in a DataGrid along with the number of Users that were linked to that account like show in the 3rd column here:

image

The way I did this is to use a converter to count the number of entities in each Account.xrefAccountsUser set.  The DataGrid is bound to Accounts and the the XAML for the 3rd column is:

<sdk:DataGridTextColumn  Header="Users" 
Binding="{Binding xrefAccountsUsers, Converter={StaticResource setToCountConverter}}"
 />

The converter is where we count up the number of entities in the related entity set (xrefAccountsUsers in this case.)  I could not find a type that I could cast the value to that had a Count property, so I  ended up casting it to IEnumerable and then loop thru the set and I do a count manually.  There should never be very many accounts so performance isn’t an issue.

public class SetToCountConverter : IValueConverter
{
    public object Convert(object value,
                                Type targetType,
                                object parameter,
                                System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        int cnt = 0;
        IEnumerable set = value as IEnumerable;
 
        if (set == null)
            return "0";
 
        foreach (var item in set)
            cnt++;
 
        return cnt.ToString();
    }
 
    public object ConvertBack(object value,
                                Type targetType,
                                object parameter,
                                System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        throw new NotImplementedException();
    }
}

Tags:

Silverlight | Development | XAML

Disable CheckBoxes in Silverlight’s DataGrid

by jbrooks 11. March 2013 12:41

I have an application where the administrator can edit a user’s roles.

image

I wanted to reuse this same grid to show the user what roles they have, but I didn’t want them to be able to change the data. There is a IsReadOnly property on each of the columns, but this still allows the user to change the checkboxes.

If I set the IsEnabled property on the datagrid to false, then the user can’t change the checkboxes but the datagrid looks washed out and hard to read.

image

So this is too washed out to go with.  I realized that another way to disable CheckBoxes is from the style:

<sdk:DataGrid.Resources>
    <Style TargetType="CheckBox">
        <Setter Property="IsThreeState" Value="False" />
        <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
        <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center" />
    </Style>
</sdk:DataGrid.Resources>

I wanted to see if there was a way to programmatically add a setter to this and there was.

// find the CheckBox style resource.
var resource = dgAccounts.Resources.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Key == typeof(CheckBox));
    
if (resource.Key != null)
{
    Style s = resource.Value as Style;
    
    (s.Setters as SetterBaseCollection).Add(new
    Setter(CheckBox.IsEnabledProperty, value));
}
    

In the code above, “value” can be true or false.  This gives me a little better presentation:

image

But, hey, this is Silverlight – why am I using those dinky check boxes anyway.  The better solution is to create a user control that acts like a checkbox and you can style it as big as you want.

image

And then the code to set the disable style just needs to change the type it is looking for on the 1 line:

var resource = dgAccounts.Resources.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Key == typeof(ucCheckBox));

Now, the disabled version is a lot more readable.

image

Tags:

Development | Silverlight | XAML

Silverlight's DatePicker / MessageBox Bug

by JBrooks 26. December 2012 10:49

Silverlight has an annoying bug that has been around since at least 2008. If you have a MessageBox popup in a DatePicker’s SelectedDateChanged event, then the calendar will stay open and the SelectedDateChanged will fire for each time the mouse pointer hovers over a new date.  See HERE for someone asking for help on this and their sample code.

It happens because the DatePicker still flags the left mouse button as being down – the up button event was eaten by the message box.

I have a page where the user works on data for a given day, and if they change the date the page will be refreshed with the new day’s data.

My work flow was that if a user changed data for a day and then changed the date, I would prompt them with “Save Changes?” – Yes, No, Cancel.  If they selected Cancel I would just set the DatePicker’s date back. 

No matter what they selected the DatePicker’s calendar would remain down and the SelectedDataChanged would fire for each date that was hovered over.

I didn’t like any of the answers to this problem that I found.  So I changed the workflow so that the prompt to save changes wasn’t necessary anymore.  So this is the new workflow.

1. New page, you can change the date, refresh the data, or start editing the data.

image

2. The data was changed. Now changing the date is disabled until you make a choice between Save and Cancel. I like how this visibly tells the user that the data is dirty.

image

This is done by capturing the KeyUp event for the parent control that holds all of the editing controls. In my example it is a ContentControl but it could be a grid, etc.  Note that the control’s in the images above are outside of my ContentControl for the data.

private void ccData_KeyUp(object sender, System.Windows.Input.KeyEventArgs e)
        {
            switch (e.Key)
            {
                case Key.Left:
                case Key.Right:
                case Key.Down:
                case Key.Up:
                case Key.Tab:
                    break;

                default:
                    if (Status != PageStatus.Changed)
                    {
                        Status = PageStatus.Changed;
                    }
                    break;
            }
        }

When the Status property gets set the showing, hiding and disabling of controls takes place depending on the new value of PageStatus.

If the user clicks “Save” then the data is saved, the page is refreshed and they are back at step 1 with the date selection enabled. If they click “Cancel”, then I go to step 3.

3. They clicked “Cancel”.  Now they are free to change the date which pulls up another day’s data and throws away their changes (step 1).   Or they can continue editing, which puts them back to step 2.  Or they can click Refresh which will pull the old data from the database and the page will be back to step 1.

image

I like doing it this way so I don’t have to mess with the SelectedDateChanged event and I like the visual cues.

Tags:

Development | Silverlight

Generic Boolean to Text Converter

by JBrooks 20. July 2012 11:52
I’ve seen this done a few different ways, but I think this is the best way because you can reuse it. Below is the converter, notice the 2 public properties.
public class BoolToTextConverter : IValueConverter
{
    public string TrueText { get; set; }
    public string FalseText { get; set; }

    public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, 
                                                   System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        return ((bool)value) ? TrueText : FalseText;
    }

    public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter,
                                                  System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        throw new NotImplementedException();
    }

}
Then in your XAML resource section you would set the properties:
<localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter x:Key="boolToTextConverter">
    <localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter.TrueText>
        Sent
    </localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter.TrueText>
    <localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter.FalseText>
        Not Sent
    </localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter.FalseText>
</localHelpers:BoolToTextConverter>
So this is setting the 2 public properties. The final part is to bind this to the TextBox, in this example I’m binding to a boolean property named “sent”. The result is that the text will be “Sent” if it is true and “Not Sent” if it is false.
<TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=sent, Converter={StaticResource boolToTextConverter}}"
            VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="4"  
            TextAlignment="Center" />

Tags:

Silverlight | Development | XAML